MUMBAI: The Union Budget 2020-21 which is all set to be unveiled on Feb 1 expects to consider several far-reaching economic and fiscal measures to give a boost and fillip to India’s economic growth. Indian industrialists are relying on the Budget hoping for a reduction in personal income tax so as to revive consumption demand.
KPMG in India’s Pre-Budget survey conducted in January 2020 has tried to capture expectations of important stakeholders on key tax aspects of the budget. Over 215 respondents across sectors participated in the survey.
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will increase the income tax exemption limit from Rs 2.5 lakh per annum currently, majority of respondents opined in the survey. The Budget will increase the standard deduction and give more incentives for housing loans.
The government had slashed corporate tax rates to 25 per cent for old companies and to 15 per cent for new companies provided they are ready to forego all the existing exemptions.
Though the move was hailed by many as a booster dose to revive growth it has belied the expectation as growth has since then fallen to more than six-year low of 4.5 per cent in the September quarter from 5 per cent in the previous quarter.
What more the advance estimate last week has pegged the full-year real GDP growth at 5 per cent while the nominal GDP growth at a 48-year low of 7.5 per cent, down from the budget estimate of 13 per cent.
Also, most of the old-generation companies have decided to draw from the existing incentives and not to switch to the new tax regime.
However, in the pre-budget survey involving 215 companies by KPMG India this month, more than half of the respondents plan to opt for the lower tax regime of 22 per cent by giving up available incentives from next fiscal.
A majority of respondents also believe that the tax rate for foreign companies should also be reduced in light of tax cuts for domestic companies.
A further stimulus by way of personal tax cuts is also anticipated. "Majority anticipate the basic exemption limit of Rs 2.5 lakh for individuals will be increased. They also expect an increase in the income limit at which the maximum marginal rate of 30 per cent kicks in. If implemented, this can help spur consumer demand by complementing the interest rate cuts delivered since last year," says the survey.
A majority of the respondents also believe that the finance minister will not introduce an inheritance tax. This is in line with the overall expectation, that there exists a need to provide a fiscal stimulus by reducing taxes on individuals.
About 50 per cent of the respondents expect tax holiday for exports available to SEZ units to be extended to units set up beyond March 2020.
Dispute resolution continues to be an area of concern for most companies with almost half of them believing that the approach of taxmen to tax disputes are not in line with international norms.
While the dispute resolution panel is indeed a fast track mechanism to address international tax and transfer pricing disputes, almost half of the respondents believe that this mechanism is not meeting the stated objective of resolving disputes amicably.
Just under 50 per cent of respondents believe that provisions dealing with the place of supply of R&D, testing services and other performance-based services under GST are detrimental to services exports saying the exclusion is affecting the industry.
Commenting on the findings of the survey, Hitesh Gajaria, co-head of taxation practices at KPMG, says, "The Pre-Budget Survey indicates that rate cuts for individuals is the most wanted item for everyone. This is in line with expectations that lower tax rates for individuals, along with the corporate tax rate cuts enacted last year, will boost spending and investment in the economy."
"Corporates are also hopeful of extension of Tax Holidays for Exports to encourage more foreign inward remittances and continuing the weighted deduction for R&D spends to encourage Make in India. Introduction of the e-assessment scheme last year to minimize the interface between taxpayers and the tax administration is seen as a welcome move, with many respondents believing that this will lead to greater transparency and efficiency. There is also felt a need to overhaul dispute resolution mechanism in direct tax laws, including therein provisions for negotiated settlements of tax disputes,” he adds.
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