New Delhi: The Rajya Sabha on Wednesday passed a bill to tighten road traffic regulations such as issuance of driving licence and imposed stricter penalties for violations in an attempt to improve road safety.

The Upper House passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019 with 108 votes in favour and 13 against it, with three amendments moved by Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari.

The legislation was passed by the Lok Sabha on July 23 but the bill will be sent to Lok Sabha again because of a typo.

The legislation provides for stricter punishment for various traffic related offences as well as higher penalties, including a compensation of Rs 5 lakh for death and Rs 2.5 lakh for grievous injury in a motor vehicle accident case.

Gadkari said the legislation will instill fear of law in people who violate traffic rules as an intelligent traffic system will monitor traffic offences.

The minister said India was facing shortage of 22 to 25 lakh drivers and to fill this gap, driver training institutes were planned pan India and the Centre was ready to provide Rs 1 crore subsidy for each centre.

He said such centres were not needed in metropolises like Delhi, Mumbai or Chennai but in remote rural areas to uplift tribals and poor and 1,000 such centres were planned. Gadkari said the process for obtaining driving licenses would now be computerised and anyone, whether a minister or MP, will get licenses only after passing online tests.

The minister made it clear that vehicle registration rights remained with the states and asserted that the Centre was not benefitting by even a rupee. Once the bill becomes a law, the new vehicles will be registered at the dealers level and it will eventually remove buyers' interface with the registration authorities.

Here's a list of penalties, traffic rules violators will pay under Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill – 2019

Jumping traffic light, using mobile phone: Using hand-held phone or jumping traffic light would attract a penalty of Rs 5,000 and a jail term of up to one year.

Travel without a ticket: Under Section 178 of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, travelling without a ticket will cost you a fine of Rs 500.

Disobedience of orders of authorities: Under section 178 of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, if you are caught disobeying orders of authorities, you will be fined Rs 2,000 (the old penalty was Rs 500)

Unauthorized use of vehicles without a licence: Under sector 180, those you make unauthorised use of vehicles without licence will have to pay a penalty of Rs 5,000.

Driving without licence will cost you Rs 5,000.

Driving despite disqualification will now cost violators Rs 10,000. Under the previous provision, violators were fined Rs 500.

Over speeding: According to government data, speeding was responsible for over 66% of road accidents in 2018. In order to prevent that, those who over speed will be fined Rs 1,000 for LMV and Rs 2,000 for Medium passenger vehicle (the previous penalty amounted to Rs 400).

Dangerous driving penalty: Similarly, driving dangerously will cost offenders up to Rs 5,000.

Drunken driving: Drink-driving may cost you a fine of up to Rs 10,000.

Vehicle without permit: Penalty for use of a vehicle without permit has been proposed at Rs 10,000.

Overloading: Overloading of vehicles would attract a penalty of Rs 20,000 and Rs 2,000 per extra tonne. Meanwhile, overloading of passengers will attract a penalty of Rs 1,000 per extra passenger.

Seat belt: Wearing a seat belt is mandatory and if someone is caught violating the rule, they'll have to pay a fine of Rs 1,000.

Overloading of two-wheelers: This would attract a penalty of Rs 2,000. It could also lead to disqualification for three months for licence.

Helmets: Riders without helmet will have to pay a fine of Rs 1,000. Their licence may be disqualified for three months.

Some new provisions have also been proposed in the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019. They are as follows:

Oversize vehicles: This is a new provision in the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill. Oversize vehicles will be fined Rs 5,000.

Aggregators (violations of licencing conditions): If aggregators are found violating licensing conditions, they will be charged a sum of up to Rs 1 lakh.

Not providing way for emergency vehicles: The new bill proposes Rs 10,000 fine for not giving way to emergency vehicles.

Offences by Juveniles: Guardian/owner shall be deemed to be guilty of offences by juveniles. The guardian will have to pay a fine of Rs 25,000 and may face three-year imprisonment. The juvenile will be tried under the Juvenile Justice Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle will be cancelled.

Also Read: Triple Talaq Bill Passed By Parliament