Black Day: Section 144 In Hyderabad Old City  

Police forces were deployed in huge numbers in Old City in view of Black Day being observed by Muslim groups and Left parties on Wednesday. - Sakshi Post

Hyderabad: The city police beefed up security measures and clamped down Section 144 in the Old City of Hyderabad in view of the Black Day being observed by the Muslim groups in protest against the demolition of Babri Masjid.

The Masjid was demolished by Hindu groups on December 6, 1992 in Ayodhya and Muslim groups have been observing it as a Black Day ever since. Left parties are participating in the protest to observe Black Day.

South Zone DCP Satyanarayana, who is overseeing security measures in the Old City, told reporters that more than 3,500 police personnel have been deployed in the area besides imposing Section 144 to avoid any untoward incidents. The orders will be in force till December 7, he said.

The police are closely monitoring 10 sensitive places in the old city, the DCP said. Para-military forces were also deployed at problematic and highly sensitive places. The city Police Commissioner Srinivasa Rao is reviewing the situation from time to time.

Those planning to visit Old City on Wednesday for tourism and shopping purposes are advised to take note of the situation before starting their commute.

SC Hearing In Babri Masjid-Ram Mandir Dispute

The Supreme Court begun the final hearing in the long-standing Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute from Tuesday. A specially constituted bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice Ashok Bhushan and Justice Abdul Nazeer will be hearing 13 appeals filed against the 2010 judgement of the Allahabad High Court in four suits.

As the apex court begins the hearing a day before the 25th anniversary of the demolition of the medieval-era structure, here is a brief summary of how the case progressed through the years.

The Dispute

The main area of contention is a piece of land measuring 2.77 acres in Uttar Pradesh's Ayodhya, where the Babri Masjid was historically located. This site is also considered sacred among Hindus as it is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Ram, one of the most revered deities of the religion. Muslims argue that the land houses the Babri Masjid, where they had been offering prayers for centuries before the dispute.

A disagreement over how the mosque came into place forms the core of the debate. While Hindus say that the mosque was built on top of a Ram temple – after demolishing or modifying it in the 16th Century, Muslims argue that the mosque is their sacred religious place — built by Mir Baqi in 1528 — and that Hindus desecrated it in 1949, when some people placed idols of Lord Ram inside the mosque.

The dispute over this piece of land has defined state politics and influenced debates throughout the country. Spanning across half a millennium, the issue predates empires — Mughal and British — and remains very alive even in modern India.

The Demolition

On 6 December, 1992, the Vishva Hindu Parishad and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) organised a rally at the site involving over 1.5 lakh volunteers, known as kar sevaks. Soon, the rally turned violent, and the crowd overwhelmed security forces before demolishing the 16th Century Babri Masjid. This prompted communal riots across the country in which more than 2,000 people lost their lives.

Among those present at the rally were senior figures in the BJP LK Advani, Uma Bharti and Murli Manohar Joshi. In 2009, a report by Justice Manmohan Singh Liberhan found 68 people to be responsible for the demolition of the mosque, most of who were from the BJP. Among those named were Atal Vajpayee, Advani, Joshi and Vijay Raje Scindia.

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